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Efficacy of Ozone as a Novel Treatment Option for Urovagina in Dairy Cows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21749485     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Urovagina is detrimental to the health and fertility of cows worldwide. Surgery, the only known treatment, is not economically pragmatic to dairy practice, and it has some medical drawbacks. The objective of this study was to determine whether reproductive problems associated with urovagina could be alleviated through more practical and less-invasive treatment options to allow successful conception and term-pregnancy. Cows diagnosed with urovagina (n = 1219) were divided into three treatment groups, each containing an equal number of cows with mild, moderate and severe urovagina. The groups received one of three treatment options: saline (group A, n = 400), streptomycin (group B, n = 400) or ozone (group C, n = 419) flush, regardless of the severity of the urovagina condition within the group. The ozone treatment was found to be the most effective treatment modality, resulting in the shortest period of days open (95, 89 and 79 days in groups A, B and C, respectively; p < 0.05), the fewest number of inseminations until pregnancy (2.38, 1.84 and 1.63 in groups A, B and C, respectively; p < 0.05) and the smallest number of culled cows (20, 23 and 12 in groups A, B and C, respectively; p < 0.05). The ozone flush coupled with intracornual insemination presents an effective treatment option for urovagina that can lead to successful conceptions and pregnancies in dairy cows.
Authors:
R Zobel; S Tkalčić; I Stoković; I Pipal; V Buić
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-0531     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9015668     Medline TA:  Reprod Domest Anim     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
Affiliation:
Vetmed doo, Veterinary practice Stružec, Popovača, Croatia College of Veterinary Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, CA, USA Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
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