Document Detail

Efficacy of CO(2) laser for treatment of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis, compared with combination of cryotherapy and intralesional meglumine antimoniate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20666876     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background  Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in developing countries. Several types of treatments have been suggested, but none of them is completely effective and without side-effects. CO(2) laser has a specific thermolysis effect on infected tissues in CL. Objectives  To determine the efficacy and safety of CO(2) laser vs. combined cryotherapy and intralesional meglumine antimoniate (glucantime) in dry-type CL. Methods  This is a prospective, randomized open trial study (Kerman, Iran) from November 2007 to August 2009. A total of 96 patients were randomly assigned to receive one session of CO(2) laser therapy and 95 patients on combined cryotherapy biweekly with intralesional meglumine antimoniate weekly until complete cure or up to 12 weeks, whichever is earlier. Clinical and laboratory cure, defined as complete re-epithelialization of 100%, complete flattening of induration and negative smear of lesions compared with baseline at weeks 2, 6, 12 and 16, and also at the time of complete cure (week 2, 6, 12 or 16). Results  Of 191 participants, 80 patients with 95 lesions in group A and 80 patients with 95 lesions in group B completed the study. Complete cure was 93.7% (89/95 lesions) in group A and 78% (74/95 lesions) in group B. Complications were similar in the two groups and were limited to the ulcer sites. Conclusions  The CO(2) laser was more effective in treating dry-type cutaneous leishmaniasis than combined cryotherapy and intralesional glucantime and resulted in a shorter healing time (6 weeks vs. 12 weeks) with a single treatment session.
S Shamsi Meymandi; S Zandi; H Aghaie; A Heshmatkhah
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1468-3083     ISO Abbreviation:  J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9216037     Medline TA:  J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  587-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2010 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.
Kerman Leishmania Research Center, Dermatology Department, Afzalipour Hospital, Kerman, Iran.
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