Document Detail


Efficacy of Aliskiren in Japanese Chronic Kidney Disease Patients with Hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22260457     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Aliskiren, a novel direct renin inhibitor, is hypothesized to inhibit the renin-angiotensin- system. This study attempted to provide insight into this mechanism by examining the antihypertensive and renoprotective effects of aliskiren in hypertensive chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Methods: After recruitment, 43 hypertensive CKD patients (mean age, 53.7 years) began treatment of aliskiren. The patients were classified into high (over 30 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) group or low (under 30 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) eGFR group for comparison of measurements of various parameters over the 6-month observation period. Results: Systolic blood pressure/diastolic blood pressure of 150 mg/day group decreased to an average of 126.8 ± 21.6 mmHg/69.3 ± 15.1 mmHg (average decrease: -7.4/-8.3 mmHg) over the 6-month observation period, while that of 300 mg/day group significantly decreased to an average of 133.5 ± 14.0 mmHg/71.5 ± 11.7 mmHg (average decrease: -21.1/-14.6 mmHg). Urinary protein of all patients decreased slightly and insignificantly to 1.1 ± 1.7 g/gCr from 1.4 ± 2.5 g/gCr. The serum creatinine (Cr) level of all patients decreased from 1.81 ± 1.10 mg/dL to 1.78 ± 0.82 mg/dL. Although the serum Cr level of the high eGFR group decreased from 1.28 ± 0.45 mg/dL to 1.27 ± 0.57 mg/dL, that of the low eGFR group slightly but insignificantly increased from 2.49 ± 0.64 mg/dL to 2.69 ± 1.11 mg/dL. Conclusion: Administration of aliskiren exerts an antihypertensive effect on hypertensive CKD patients that may lead to a decrease in urinary protein and an improvement in renal functioning.
Authors:
Yukinao Sakai; Tomoyuki Otsuka; Dai Ohno; Tsuneo Murasawa; Naoki Sato; Kyoichi Mizuno
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Renal failure     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-6049     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701128     Medline TA:  Ren Fail     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Nippon Medical School Musashikosugi Hospital , Kawasaki , Japan.
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