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Effectuation of adaptive stability and postural alignment strategies are decreased by alcohol intoxication.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24792362     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Human stability control is a complex process comprising contributions from several partly independent mechanisms such as coordination, feedback and feed-forward control, and adaptation. Acute alcohol intoxication impairs these functions and is recognized as a major contributor to fall traumas. The study aimed to investigate how alcohol intoxication at .06% and .10% blood alcohol concentration (BAC) affected the movement spans and control of posture alignment. The angular positions of the head, shoulder, hip and knees relative to the ankles were measured with a 3D motion analysis system in 25 healthy adults during standing with eyes open or closed and with or without vibratory balance perturbations. Alcohol intoxication significantly increased the movement spans of the head, shoulders, hip and knees in anteroposterior and lateral directions during quiet stance (p⩽.047 and p⩽.003) and balance perturbations (p<.001, both directions). Alcohol intoxication also decreased the ability to reduce the movement spans through adaptation in both anteroposterior (p⩽.011) and lateral (p⩽.004) directions. When sober and submitted to balance perturbations, the subjects aligned the head, shoulders, hip and knees more forward relative to the ankle joint (p<.001), hence adopting a more resilient posture increasing the safety margin for backward falls. Alcohol intoxication significantly delayed this forward realignment (p⩽.022). Alcohol intoxication did not cause any significant posture realignment in the lateral direction. Thus, initiation of adaptive posture realignments to alcohol or other disruptions might be context dependent and associated with reaching a certain level of stability threats.
Authors:
A Hafström; F Modig; M Magnusson; P A Fransson
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human movement science     Volume:  35C     ISSN:  1872-7646     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum Mov Sci     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8300127     Medline TA:  Hum Mov Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  30-49     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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