Document Detail

Effects of wind and rain on thermal responses of humans in a mildly cold environment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20135145     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of the present study was to clarify the effects of wind and rain on peripheral heat loss by non-exercising minimally clothed humans in a mildly cold environment. Seven healthy young male subjects wearing only shorts rested in a standing position for 20 min at an ambient temperature of 15 degrees C under three conditions: without exposure to wind or rain (CON), with exposure to wind (3 m/s) (WIND) and with exposure to wind (3 m/s) and rain (40 mm/h) (WIND + RAIN). Mean heat loss measured using a heat flux transducer was significantly greater in the subjects exposed to WIND + RAIN compared to those exposed to CON and WIND conditions (p < 0.01). Metabolic heat production was significantly greater under WIND + RAIN than under CON and WIND (p < 0.01). Decrease in heat storage was significantly larger at WIND + RAIN compared with CON and WIND (p < 0.01). Mean skin temperature was significantly lower under WIND + RAIN than under CON and WIND conditions (p < 0.01). These results indicate that peripheral heat loss significantly increases when humans are exposed to wind and rain for a short period (20 min) under a mildly cold condition.
Motoi Yamane; Yukio Oida; Norikazu Ohnishi; Takaaki Matsumoto; Kaoru Kitagawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-02-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  109     ISSN:  1439-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-13     Completed Date:  2010-08-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  117-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Human Sciences, Aichi Mizuho College, Hiratobashi-cho, Toyota, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Body Temperature Regulation / physiology*
Cold Temperature*
Rest / physiology
Skin Temperature*
Young Adult

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