Document Detail


Effects of a weight maintenance program with or without exercise on the metabolic syndrome: a randomized trial in obese men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16125218     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Weight maintenance (WM) after weight reduction (WR) is difficult, but increased physical activity may help. We studied whether adding exercise to diet counseling decreases the occurrence of the metabolic syndrome (MBO). METHODS: Ninety voluntary middle-aged men with a BMI range of 30-40 and a waist girth >100 cm were recruited to the research institute's clinic in 1997. After a very-low-energy diet for 2 months (WR), the men were randomized into a walking, resistance training or control group for 6 months (WM). All groups received similar dietary advice. After WM, there was a 23-month follow-up. Diagnosis of MBO was based on >or= 3 components. RESULTS: After WR, the mean weight loss was 14.2 kg. At the end, the weight decrease was 4.8 kg (n = 68) with no statistically significant difference between the groups. All groups had improved some components (insulin, HDL cholesterol, body composition) of MBO. When the groups were combined, the odds ratio for the occurrence of MBO (vs. baseline) was 0.10 after WR, 0.08 after WM and 0.29 at the end. CONCLUSIONS: Adding structured exercise to diet counseling did not alleviate MBO better than diet only. However, the occurrence of MBO was reduced in all groups at the end.
Authors:
Katriina T Kukkonen-Harjula; Patrik T Borg; Arja M Nenonen; Mikael G Fogelholm
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Preventive medicine     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0091-7435     ISO Abbreviation:  Prev Med     Publication Date:    2005 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-03     Completed Date:  2006-01-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0322116     Medline TA:  Prev Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  784-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, P.O. Box 30, FI-33501 Tampere, Finland. katriina.kukkonen-harjula@uta.fi
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Counseling
Diet
Exercise*
Humans
Male
Metabolic Syndrome X*
Middle Aged
Obesity / metabolism,  prevention & control*
Program Evaluation*
Weight Loss*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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