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Effects of visual information on adults' and infants' auditory statistical learning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21564244     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Infant and adult learners are able to identify word boundaries in fluent speech using statistical information. Similarly, learners are able to use statistical information to identify word-object associations. Successful language learning requires both feats. In this series of experiments, we presented adults and infants with audio-visual input from which it was possible to identify both word boundaries and word-object relations. Adult learners were able to identify both kinds of statistical relations from the same input. Moreover, their learning was actually facilitated by the presence of two simultaneously present relations. Eight-month-old infants, however, do not appear to benefit from the presence of regular relations between words and objects. Adults, like 8-month-olds, did not benefit from regular audio-visual correspondences when they were tested with tones, rather than linguistic input. These differences in learning outcomes across age and input suggest that both developmental and stimulus-based constraints affect statistical learning.
Authors:
Erik D Thiessen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognitive science     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1551-6709     ISO Abbreviation:  Cogn Sci     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708195     Medline TA:  Cogn Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1093-106     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University.
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