Document Detail

Effects of a very-low-calorie diet and physical-training regimens on body composition and resting metabolic rate in obese females.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2058588     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Sixty-nine obese females received 90 d of a liquid diet providing 2184 kJ/d in clinical trials. Groups were diet only (C), diet plus endurance exercise (EE), diet plus weight training (WT), or diet plus endurance exercise and weight training (EEWT). Changes in body weight, percent fat, fat weight, and fat-free mass were not different between groups. Declines in resting metabolic rate (RMR) were approximately 7% to approximately 12% of baseline values with no differences among groups. A significant increase in work capacity (approximately 16%) was shown for EEWT. Strength index showed declines of approximately 6% for C and EE and gains of approximately 3% and approximately 10% for EEWT and WT, respectively. These clinical trials did not show advantages of any exercise regimen over diet alone for weight loss, body-composition changes, or declines in RMR. Improvements in work capacity were limited and strength improved in groups that participated in strength training.
J E Donnelly; N P Pronk; D J Jacobsen; S J Pronk; J M Jakicic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1991 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-07-26     Completed Date:  1991-07-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  56-61     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Human Performance Lab, Kearney State College, NE.
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MeSH Terms
Basal Metabolism*
Body Composition*
Diet, Reducing*
Energy Intake
Exercise / physiology*
Obesity / diet therapy*,  metabolism
Oxygen Consumption
Weight Loss
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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