Document Detail

Effects of ursodeoxycholic acid on conjugated bile acids and progesterone metabolites in serum and urine of patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9453429     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND/AIMS AND METHODS: The mechanism(s) behind the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid on serum steroid sulphate profiles in patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is not clear. Conjugated progesterone metabolites and bile acids have therefore been analysed in serum and urine of patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy before and during treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid using chromatographic and mass spectrometric methods.
RESULTS: The concentration of glycine-/taurine-conjugated bile acids decreased from 8.9+/-3 micromol/l (mean+/-SEM) before treatment to 1.8+/-0.6 micromol/l during treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid. The total bile acid excretion in urine decreased from 56+/-14 to 32+/-5.6 micromol/g creatinine. The proportion of cholic acid in serum and urine, and of 1beta-, 2beta- and 6alpha-hydroxylated cholic acids in urine decreased markedly during ursodeoxycholic acid while the percentages of 3alpha,12alpha-dihydroxy-3-oxo-4-cholenoic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid were unchanged. The levels in serum and excretion in urine of sulphated steroids decreased during ursodeoxycholic acid, by 45-49% for disulphates and 33-35% for monosulphates. The ratios of 3alpha- to 3beta-hydroxysteroid disulphates were lowered by ursodeoxycholic acid from 1.1 (mean) to 0.68 in serum, and from 1.2 to 0.70 in urine. The corresponding ratios for monosulphates before and during ursodeoxycholic acid were 6.9 and 4.5, respectively, in serum, and 21 and 5.2, respectively, in urine. The major monosulphates in urine, dominated by 5alpha-pregnane-3alpha, 20alpha-diol, were also conjugated with N-acetylglucosamine. The excretion of these double conjugates decreased from 27+/-8.4 to 15+/-5.3 micromol/g creatinine during ursodeoxycholic acid. In contrast to sulphated steroids, the concentrations of glucuronides were unchanged in serum and their excretion in urine tended to increase during ursodeoxycholic acid. The metabolism of ursodeoxycholic acid was similar to that described in nonpregnant subjects. In addition to metabolites hydroxylated in the 1beta-, 5beta-, 6alpha/beta and 22-positions, a 4-hydroxy-ursodeoxycholic acid was tentatively identified. This occurred predominantly as a double conjugate with glycine/taurine and glucuronic acid, as did other 4-hydroxylated bile acids of probable foetal origin.
CONCLUSIONS: The results are compatible with the contention that ursodeoxycholic acid stimulates the biliary excretion of sulphated progesterone metabolites, particularly those with a 3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha(H) configuration and disulphates. The effect(s) appears to be independent of the stimulation of bile acid secretion. An effect of ursodeoxycholic acid on the reductive metabolism of progesterone cannot be excluded.
L J Meng; H Reyes; J Palma; I Hernandez; J Ribalta; J Sjövall
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hepatology     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0168-8278     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hepatol.     Publication Date:  1997 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-19     Completed Date:  1998-02-19     Revised Date:  2014-11-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503886     Medline TA:  J Hepatol     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1029-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Bile Acids and Salts / metabolism*
Cholestasis, Intrahepatic / metabolism*
Glucuronates / metabolism
Glucuronic Acid
Glycine / metabolism
Pregnancy Complications / metabolism*
Progesterone / metabolism*
Taurine / metabolism
Ursodeoxycholic Acid / metabolism,  pharmacology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bile Acids and Salts; 0/Glucuronates; 1EQV5MLY3D/Taurine; 4G7DS2Q64Y/Progesterone; 724L30Y2QR/Ursodeoxycholic Acid; 8A5D83Q4RW/Glucuronic Acid; TE7660XO1C/Glycine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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