Document Detail

Effects of uneven elastic loads on breathing pattern of anesthetized and conscious men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  877445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In anesthetized subjects rib cage strapping (RCS) did not change tidal volume (VT) and increased ventilation (V), whereas abdomen strapping (AS) markedly decreased VT and V. Both kinds of strapping decreased expiratory duration (TE), but did not change inspiratory duration (TI) and breathing rate. RCS and AS decreased lung volume by about 200 ml and increased the elastance of the repiratory system by 12 cm H2O/1 and 9 CM H20/l, repectively. The changes produced are mainly due to mechanical factors, although reflexes also seem to be operating in some cases. In conscious subjects RCS decreased VT, TI, TE and did not change V, whereas AS did not change these parameters. The different changes in conscious and anesthetized subjects show the effects of cortical influences, which also partly explain the differen effects elicited in conscious subjects by RCS and AS. The effects produced by RCS are mainly due to the sensation of hindrance to rib cage expansion, rather than to that of rib cage squeezing, as shown by experiments of RCS without reduction of rib cage volume.
E Agostoni; E D'angelo; G Torri; L Ravenna
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiration physiology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0034-5687     ISO Abbreviation:  Respir Physiol     Publication Date:  1977 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-08-12     Completed Date:  1977-08-12     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0047142     Medline TA:  Respir Physiol     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  153-68     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Cerebral Cortex / physiology
Lung / physiology
Lung Compliance
Middle Aged
Stress, Mechanical*
Tidal Volume
Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio

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