Document Detail


Effects of tylosin administration on C-reactive protein concentration and carriage of Salmonella enterica in pigs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24762018     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective-To evaluate the effects of tylosin on C-reactive protein concentration, carriage of Salmonella enterica, and antimicrobial resistance genes in commercial pigs. Animals-120 pigs on 2 commercial farms. Procedures-A cohort of sixty 10-week-old pigs in 4 pens/farm (15 pigs/pen) was randomly selected. Equal numbers of pigs were given feed containing tylosin (40 μg/g of feed) for 0, 6, or 12 weeks. C-reactive protein concentrations were measured, microbial culture for S enterica in feces was performed, and antimicrobial resistance genes in feces were quantified. Results-No significant associations were detected between C-reactive protein concentration or S enterica status and tylosin treatment. During the 12 weeks of tylosin administration, increased levels of 6 antimicrobial resistance genes did not occur. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Treatment of pigs with tylosin did not affect C-reactive protein concentration or reduce carriage or load of S enterica. There was no evidence that pigs receiving tylosin had increased carriage of the 6 antimicrobial resistance genes measured. Impact for Human Medicine-S enterica is a public health concern. Use of the antimicrobial growth promoter tylosin did not pose a public health risk by means of increased carriage of S enterica.
Authors:
Hyeun Bum Kim; Randall S Singer; Klaudyna Borewicz; Bryan A White; Srinand Sreevatsan; Timothy J Johnson; Luis A Espejo; Richard E Isaacson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  75     ISSN:  1943-5681     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-04-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  460-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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