Document Detail

Effects of twelve-month strength training subsequent to twelve-month stretching exercise in treatment of chronic neck pain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16686557     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Previously, in a randomized study, we showed that women with chronic neck pain were able to perform intensive training for neck and shoulder muscles and that the increase in strength was accompanied by a reduction in pain and disability. The changes were significantly greater in the training groups compared with controls. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the controls would achieve similar results. Thus, 59 women in the control group initiated high-intensity strength training. Maximal isometric neck strength increased by 44% in both flexion and rotation and 27% in extension at the 2-year follow-up. Statistically and also clinically significant decreases in neck pain and disability indices occurred. Stretching and aerobic exercising during the first follow-up year produced only minor changes in both subjective and functional measures. Adding progressive strength training for the second year led to a significant improvement in neck strength and also to a considerable decrease in the pain and disability scores. Thus, to achieve effective rehabilitation in cases of chronic neck pain, a combination of strength training and stretching exercises are recommended.
Jari J Ylinen; Esa-Pekka Takala; Matti J Nykänen; Hannu J Kautiainen; Arja H Häkkinen; Olavi V P Airaksinen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1064-8011     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-11     Completed Date:  2006-11-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  304-8     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Jyväskylä Central Hospital, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Chronic Disease
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Middle Aged
Neck Muscles / physiopathology*
Neck Pain / physiopathology,  rehabilitation*
Pain Measurement
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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