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Effects of treatment adherence on clinical and economic outcomes in patients with psoriasis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23348171     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aim To compare clinical and cost outcomes of psoriasis in non-biological treatment of adherent and non-adherent patients in a developing Balkans country going through socio-economic transition. Methods The study was designed as a retrospective cohort study involving patients with psoriasis adherent and non-adherent to the prescribed treatment regimen. The patients were followed for a period of one year, through four visits with intervals of three months. The adherence to the prescribed regimen was measured at the end of the follow-up period by the medication possession ratio. Clinical outcomes of the treatment were estimated by the Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) at each visit and the treatment costs were collected from patients' iles at each visit. Results The study enrolled 108 patients, 61 (56.5%) were adherent to the prescribed treatment, and 47 (43.5%) were non-adherent. A signiicant decrease of PASI score was noted in the patients adherent to prescribed therapy (p less 0.001). The costs also decreased signiicantly in the group of adherent patients (p=0.001), and the drop of costs was the highest from the visit 3. The decrease in PASI score and costs were less rapid in non-adherent patients. Conclusion Better treatment adherence leads to faster clinical improvement and a more rapid decrease in costs of treatment, which diminish overall expenditure of the health system and society, leaving room for treatment of other diseases more eficiently. Therefore, health systems of developing countries should support additional research of causes of treatment non-adherence in patients with psoriasis, in order to minimize this fenomenon more eficiently, and make signiicant savings.
Authors:
Tatjana Jevtić; Zoran Bukumirić; Slobodan M Janković
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicinski glasnik : official publication of the Medical Association of Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1840-0132     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Glas Ljek komore Zenicko-doboj kantona     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101250177     Medline TA:  Med Glas Ljek komore Zenicko-doboj kantona     Country:  Bosnia and Hercegovina    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  106-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
1School of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, 2Institute of Medical Statistics and Informatics, University of Belgrade, School of Medicine, Belgrade.
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