Document Detail

Effects of training on maximum oxygen consumption of ponies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10951995     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To establish maximum oxygen consumption VO2max) in ponies of different body weights, characterize the effects of training of short duration on VO2max, and compare these effects to those of similarly trained Thoroughbreds. ANIMALS: 5 small ponies, 4 mid-sized ponies, and 6 Thoroughbreds. PROCEDURE: All horses were trained for 4 weeks. Horses were trained every other day for 10 minutes on a 10% incline at a combination of speeds equated with 40, 60, 80, and 100% of VO2max. At the beginning and end of the training program, each horse performed a standard incremental exercise test in which VO2max was determined. Cardiac output (Q), stroke volume (SV), and arteriovenous oxygen content difference (C [a-v] O2) were measured in the 2 groups of ponies but not in the Thoroughbreds. RESULTS: Prior to training, mean VO2max for each group was 82.6 = 2.9, 97.4 +/- 13.2, and 130.6 +/- 10.4 ml/kg/min, respectively. Following training, mean VO2max increased to 92.3 +/- 6.0, 107.8 +/- 12.8, and 142.9 +/- 10.7 ml/kg/min. Improvement in VO2max was significant in all 3 groups. For the 2 groups of ponies, this improvement was mediated by an increase in Q; this variable was not measured in the Thoroughbreds. Body weight decreased significantly in the Thoroughbreds but not in the ponies. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Ponies have a lower VO2max than Thoroughbreds, and larger ponies have a greater VO2max than smaller ponies. Although mass-specific VO2max changed similarly in all groups, response to training may have differed between Thoroughbreds and ponies, because there were different effects on body weight.
L M Katz; W M Bayly; M J Roeder; J K Kingston; M T Hines
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0002-9645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  2000 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-12-21     Completed Date:  2000-12-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  986-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-6610, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Gas Analysis
Carbon Dioxide / analysis
Exercise Test / veterinary
Heart Rate
Hemoglobins / analysis
Horses / physiology*
Lactic Acid / blood
Oxygen Consumption*
Physical Conditioning, Animal / physiology*
Regression Analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 50-21-5/Lactic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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