Document Detail


Effects of total enteral nutrition supplemented with a multi-fibre mix on faecal short-chain fatty acids and microbiota.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16253403     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Impaired bowel function is frequent in tube-fed patients, and diarrhoea is associated with decreased faecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) concentrations. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a multi-fibre-enriched formula (15 g/l) and a fibre-free isoenergetic and isonitrogenous formula on faecal SCFAs and microbiota in long-term enteral nutrition (EN) patients. METHODS: Fifteen patients [11M/4F, aged 53 (40-73)] on total EN for 43 (1-310) months for dysphagia received a fibre-free formula for 7 days, followed in a random order by either the multi-fibre-enriched formula for 14 days and then the fibre-free formula for 14 days or vice versa. Stool samples were taken at the end of each period for measurement of SCFAs levels and different groups of bacteria. Results were compared with non-parametric tests. RESULTS: After the multi fibre EN, there was a significant median increase in total faecal SCFAs (+84%), butyrate (+20%) and acetate (+147%) compared with baseline. A significant increase in the total number of bacteria as determined with the molecular method was found after the multi-fibre EN period compared with the fibre-free EN period. There were no concomitant changes in the dominant groups of intestinal bacteria. CONCLUSION: In long-term EN patients, a polymeric enteral formula supplemented with a mixture of six fibres increases faecal SCFAs and total number of bacteria, which may contribute to an improved bowel function.
Authors:
Stéphane M Schneider; Fernand Girard-Pipau; Rodolphe Anty; Esmeralda G M van der Linde; Bertine J Philipsen-Geerling; Jan Knol; Jérôme Filippi; Kamel Arab; Xavier Hébuterne
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2005-10-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0261-5614     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-27     Completed Date:  2006-08-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309603     Medline TA:  Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  82-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Gastroenterology and Clinical Nutrition, University Hospital, Nice, France. stephane.schneider@unice.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Cross-Over Studies
Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage*
Double-Blind Method
Enteral Nutrition*
Fatty Acids, Volatile / analysis*
Feces / microbiology*
Female
Fermentation
Food, Formulated
Food, Fortified
Humans
Intestines / microbiology,  physiology*
Male
Middle Aged
Statistics, Nonparametric
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids, Volatile

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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