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Effects of temperature on the nitric oxide-dependent modulation of the Frank-Starling mechanism: The fish heart as a case study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23123761     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The Frank-Starling Law is a fundamental property of the vertebrate myocardium which allows, when the end-diastolic volume increases, that the consequent stretch of the myocardial fibers generates a more forceful contraction. It has been shown that in the eel (Anguilla anguilla) heart, Nitric Oxide (NO) exerts a direct myocardial relaxant effect, increasing the sensitivity of the Frank-Starling response (Garofalo et al., 2009). With the use of isolated working heart preparations, this study investigated the relationship between NO modulation of Frank-Starling response and temperature challenges in the eel. The results showed that while, in long-term acclimated fish (spring animals perfused at 20°C and winter animals perfused at 10°C) the inhibition of NO production by L-N5 (1-iminoethyl)ornithine (L-NIO) significantly reduced the Frank-Starling response, under thermal shock conditions (spring animals perfused at 10 or 15°C and winter animals perfused at 15 or 20°C) L-NIO treatment resulted without effect. Western Blotting analysis revealed a decrease of peNOS and pAkt expression in samples subjected to thermal shock. Moreover, an increase in Hsp90 protein levels was observed under heat thermal stress. Together, these data suggest that the NO synthase/NO-dependent modulation of the Frank-Starling mechanism in fish is sensitive to thermal stress.
Authors:
D Amelio; F Garofalo; C Capria; B Tota; S Imbrogno
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-4332     ISO Abbreviation:  Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806096     Medline TA:  Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Dept. of Cell Biology, University of Calabria, Italy; Dept. of Pharmaco-Biology, University of Calabria, Italy.
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