Document Detail


Effects of temperature on metabolism, ventilation, and oxygen extraction in the southern brown bandicoot Isoodon obesulus (Marsupialia: Peramelidae).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12324897     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of ambient temperatures (T(a)) from 10 degrees to 35 degrees C on metabolism, ventilation, and oxygen extraction were examined for the southern brown bandicoot (Isoodon obesulus). Oxygen consumption (VO2) followed the pattern typical for endotherms, decreasing with increasing T(a) from 10 degrees to 25 degrees C. It did not significantly change between Ta=25 degrees and 35 degrees C (the thermoneutral zone). VO2 was approximately 2.4 times higher at Ta=10 degrees C (0.967 mL O(2) g(-1) h(-1)) compared with basal (0.410 mL O(2) g(-1) h(-1)) at Ta=30 degrees C. While the metabolic rates of the bandicoots were basal at Ta=30 degrees C, respiratory frequency (f(R)) was 24.6 breaths min(-1), tidal volume (V(T)) was 7.79 mL, minute volume (V(I)) was 191.3 mL min(-1), and oxygen extraction efficiency (EO2) was 26.8%. Increased VO2 at Ta< or =25 degrees C was associated with a large increase in V(I) due to increases in V(T) and f(R). A greater proportion of the change was due to the increase in tidal volume. EO2 was constant at approximately 26% for all T(a) up to and including 30 degrees C. At Ta=35 degrees C, EO2 decreased to 17.7%, f(R) increased to 35.6 breaths min(-1), and V(T) decreased to 7.22 mL. The metabolic and ventilatory physiology of the southern brown bandicoot are typical of an unspecialized medium-sized marsupial.
Authors:
Alexander Larcombe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiological and biochemical zoology : PBZ     Volume:  75     ISSN:  1522-2152     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiol. Biochem. Zool.     Publication Date:    2002 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-26     Completed Date:  2003-01-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883369     Medline TA:  Physiol Biochem Zool     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  405-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Zoology, University of Western Australia, Stirling Highway, Crawley, Australia. ebmocral@tartarus.uwa.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Body Temperature*
Energy Metabolism*
Marsupialia / physiology*
Oxygen / metabolism
Oxygen Consumption*
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Pulmonary Ventilation*
Temperature
Tidal Volume
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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