Document Detail

Effects of temperature on electromyogram and muscle function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1483443     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effects of 30 min of cooling (15 degrees C water) and warming (40 degrees C water) on arm muscle function were measured. A reference condition (24 degrees C air) was included. Of nine young male subjects the maximal grip force (Fmax), the time to reach 66% of Fmax (rate of force buildup) and the maximal rhythmic grip frequency were determined, together with surface electromyographic activity (EMG) of a forearm muscle (flexor digitorum superficialis). The results showed that in contrast to warming, cooling resulted in a significant decrease of 20% in the Fmax and a significant 50% decrease in force build-up time and the maximal rhythmic grip frequency. The relationship between the root mean square value (rms) of the EMG and the static grip force did not change due to temperature changes. The median power frequency (MPF) in the power spectrum of the EMG signal decreased by 50% due to cooling but remained unchanged with heating. During a sustained contraction at 15% of Fmax (Fmax depending on the temperature) the increase in the rms value with contraction time was 90% larger in the warm condition and 80% smaller in the cold condition compared to the increase in the reference condition. The MPF value remained constant during the warm and reference conditions but in the cold it started at a 50% lower value and increased with contraction time.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
M Holewijn; R Heus
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0301-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Publication Date:  1992  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-02-16     Completed Date:  1993-02-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410266     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  541-5     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
NLRGC, Netherlands Aerospace Medical Centre, Department of Research and Development, Soesterberg.
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MeSH Terms
Fatigue / physiopathology
Isometric Contraction / physiology
Muscle Contraction / physiology
Muscles / physiology*
Skin Temperature / physiology

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