Document Detail

Effects of sweet taste stimulation on growth and sucking in preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8791228     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of sweet taste stimulation in augmenting the reported growth-enhancing effects of nonnutritive sucking in preterm infants who are gavage-fed. DESIGN: Random assignment of preterm infants to receive stimulation by one of three methods during each feeding until totally orally fed. SETTING: Hospital intensive-care and infant transitional units. PATIENTS: Eligibility criteria included body weight greater than or equal to 1,250 g, gestational age younger than 34 weeks, growth parameters appropriate for gestational age, tolerating at least 100 kcals/kg/day by gavage feeding with evidence of weight gain, and no clinical evidence of health complications. Data are presented for 42 infants who completed 14 days of treatment. INTERVENTIONS: Exposure to a sweet pacifier, a latex pacifier, or maternal heartbeat sounds during gavage feedings. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Growth, time to total oral feeding, and sucking responses. RESULTS: No significant differences in sucking measures were noted among treatment groups. Differences in progression time to total oral feedings and weight gain favored the sweet-pacifier group but were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Oral stimulation of gavage-fed, preterm infants during a 2-week hospitalization was not sufficient to elicit a significant improvement in growth efficiency, progression to total oral feedings, or sucking maturation. Additional studies may show a beneficial effect of chemosensory stimulation in preterm infants.
R D Mattes; T Maone; S Wager-Page; G Beauchamp; J Bernbaum; V Stallings; G R Pereira; E Gibson; P Russell; V Bhutani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0884-2175     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-11-19     Completed Date:  1996-11-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503123     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  407-14     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Purdue University, Department of Foods and Nutrition, West LaFayette, IN 47907-1264, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child Development*
Dietary Sucrose
Enteral Nutrition
Heart Sounds
Infant Care
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Physical Stimulation / methods*
Sucking Behavior*
Weight Gain
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Sucrose; 0/Latex

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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