Document Detail

Effects of sustained nurse/mother contact on infant outcomes among low-income African-American families.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8545305     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examined the effect on infant morbidity and mortality of sustained nursing contact with mothers of healthy infants who are considered medically low risk but socially are at high risk due to poverty, low maternal education, and parenting at an early age. A quasi-experimental approach using a pretest-posttest design was used to evaluate the effect of the sustained nursing contact intervention (N = 97) compared with the instructions traditionally provided to the mothers of such infants (N = 48). In general, intervention and control infants did not differ on variables measuring health and development, morbidity, incidence of accidents, utilization of health care services, or immunization rates. Intervention infants scored significantly higher on advanced gross motor skills and had significantly fewer upper respiratory symptoms at the final visit. Highest morbidity was experienced by infants of teenaged mothers in the control group who had more than one infant. It was concluded that sustained nursing contact during the first eight months of infant life was beneficial to low-income African-American mothers, especially teenaged mothers with more than one infant. Infant morbidity and mortality were lower in both groups than would have been expected for their risk level, indicating that even minimal sustained nursing contact enhances outcomes of healthy infants at high risk for mortality and morbidity due to social factors.
C Barnes-Boyd
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nursing (Boston, Mass.)     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0737-1209     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nurs     Publication Date:  1995 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-02-14     Completed Date:  1996-02-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501498     Medline TA:  Public Health Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  378-85     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
University of Illinois Mile Square Health Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans* / statistics & numerical data
Child Development
Infant Mortality
Infant, Newborn
Nurse-Patient Relations*
Poverty / ethnology*,  statistics & numerical data
Pregnancy Outcome / ethnology*
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data
Grant Support
MCJ-173857//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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