Document Detail


Effects of sprint cycle training on human skeletal muscle.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7868459     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Eleven men sprint trained two to three times per week for 6 wk to investigate possible exercise-induced slow-to-fast fiber type conversions. Six individuals served as controls. Both groups were tested at the beginning and end of the study to determine anaerobic performance and maximal oxygen consumption. In addition, pre- and postbiopsies were extracted from the vastus lateralis muscle and were analyzed for fiber type composition, cross-sectional area, and myosin heavy chain (MHC) content. No significant changes were found in anaerobic or aerobic performance variables for either group. Although a trend was found for a decrease in the percentage of type IIb fibers, high-intensity sprint cycle training caused no significant changes in the fiber type distribution or cross-sectional area. However, the training protocol did result in a significant decrease in MHC IIb with a concomitant increase in MHC IIa for the training men. These data appear to support previous investigations that have suggested exercise-induced adaptations within the fast fiber population (IIb-->IIa) after various types of training (endurance and strength).
Authors:
C A Allemeier; A C Fry; P Johnson; R S Hikida; F C Hagerman; R S Staron
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  77     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1994 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-30     Completed Date:  1995-03-30     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2385-90     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Biological Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Athens 45701.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Exercise / physiology*
Humans
Male
Microscopy, Electron
Muscle Contraction / physiology
Muscle Fibers, Fast-Twitch / chemistry,  ultrastructure*
Muscle, Skeletal / chemistry*,  ultrastructure
Myofibrils / ultrastructure
Myosins / analysis*
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Education and Training*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
EC 3.6.4.1/Myosins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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