Document Detail


Effects of somatic cell count and stage of lactation on raw milk composition and the yield and quality of Cheddar cheese.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8861348     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of somatic cell count and stage of lactation on the yield and quality of Cheddar cheese were investigated. Cheese was manufactured in a pilot scale factory using milk of low bulk milk cell count (BMCC) from herds in early (LE) and late (LL) lactation, and milk of high BMCC from herds in early (HE) and late (HL) lactation. The deleterious effect of an elevated BMCC on product yield and quality in late lactation was clear. Cheese made from LL milk was significantly superior to that made from HL milk for most yield and quality characteristics measured. Stage of lactation also affected cheese yield and quality, as evidenced by the lower recovery of fat and poorer flavour score for cheese from LL milk compared with that manufactured from LE milk. The observed differences could be explained largely by differences in raw milk composition. We conclude that the effect of stage of lactation was magnified by an elevated BMCC, and that many of the problems encountered when processing late season milk could be overcome by containing mastitis at this time.
Authors:
M J Auldist; S Coats; B J Sutherland; J J Mayes; G H McDowell; G L Rogers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of dairy research     Volume:  63     ISSN:  0022-0299     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Res.     Publication Date:  1996 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-02-20     Completed Date:  1997-02-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985125R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  269-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Agriculture, La Trobe University, Bundora VIC, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cattle*
Cell Count*
Cheese* / microbiology
Female
Lactation / physiology*
Milk / chemistry*,  cytology*,  microbiology
Milk Proteins / analysis
Taste
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Milk Proteins; 0/whey protein

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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