Document Detail


Effects of soft drink consumption on nutrition and health: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17329656     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In a meta-analysis of 88 studies, we examined the association between soft drink consumption and nutrition and health outcomes. We found clear associations of soft drink intake with increased energy intake and body weight. Soft drink intake also was associated with lower intakes of milk, calcium, and other nutrients and with an increased risk of several medical problems (e.g., diabetes). Study design significantly influenced results: larger effect sizes were observed in studies with stronger methods (longitudinal and experimental vs cross-sectional studies). Several other factors also moderated effect sizes (e.g., gender, age, beverage type). Finally, studies funded by the food industry reported significantly smaller effects than did non-industry-funded studies. Recommendations to reduce population soft drink consumption are strongly supported by the available science.
Authors:
Lenny R Vartanian; Marlene B Schwartz; Kelly D Brownell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2007-02-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  97     ISSN:  1541-0048     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2007 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-22     Completed Date:  2007-03-26     Revised Date:  2013-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  667-75     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Conn 06520-8205, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Body Weight*
Calcium, Dietary
Carbonated Beverages*
Chronic Disease / epidemiology*
Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology
Drinking Behavior
Energy Intake
Humans
Industry
Milk
Nutritional Status*
Risk Factors
Sample Size
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Evid Based Nurs. 2007 Oct;10(4):120   [PMID:  17905772 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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