Document Detail

Effects of social support during parturition on maternal and infant morbidity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3092934     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Because continuous social support during labour is a component of care in many societies but inconsistent in our own, the clinical effect of support during labour on maternal and neonatal morbidity were studied. Social support was provided by female companions. Four hundred and sixty five healthy primigravidous women were enrolled using a randomised design. Compared with 249 women undergoing labour alone 168 women who had supportive female companions throughout labour had significantly fewer perinatal complications (p less than 0.001), including caesarean sections (7% v 17%, p less than 0.01) and oxytocin augmentation (2% v 13%, p less than 0.001), and fewer infants admitted to neonatal intensive care (p less than 0.10). Of the women who had an uncomplicated labour and delivery requiring no interventions, those with a companion had a significantly shorter duration of labour (7.7 hours v 15.5 hours, p less than 0.001). This study suggests that constant human support may be of great benefit to women during labour.
M H Klaus; J H Kennell; S S Robertson; R Sosa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British medical journal (Clinical research ed.)     Volume:  293     ISSN:  0267-0623     ISO Abbreviation:  Br Med J (Clin Res Ed)     Publication Date:  1986 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-10-30     Completed Date:  1986-10-30     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8302911     Medline TA:  Br Med J (Clin Res Ed)     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  585-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Clinical Trials as Topic
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / prevention & control
Labor, Obstetric*
Obstetric Labor Complications / prevention & control
Random Allocation
Social Environment*
Social Support*
Time Factors
Grant Support
MC-R-390430//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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