Document Detail


Effects of smoking on thermal pain threshold in deprived and minimally-deprived habitual smokers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7870989     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined the antinociceptive effects of smoking in nine habitual smokers under deprived (12 h) and minimally-deprived (< 30 min) conditions. Pain threshold for thermal stimuli, heart rate, blood pressure and ratings of mood, arousal, dominance and well-being were assessed before and after smoking a cigarette. Over-all, smoking affected all measured variables in the expected direction, leading to increased physiological activity, elevated pain threshold and improved mood. However, most of these effects depended on the deprivation status of the subjects, such that smoking after deprivation increased pain threshold whereas smoking after minimal deprivation did not. Pain threshold before smoking was the same for both groups. Deprived subjects had lower pre-smoke diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and arousal levels, which rose to equal minimally-deprived subjects' scores after smoking.
Authors:
P Pauli; H Rau; P Zhuang; S Brody; N Birbaumer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychopharmacology     Volume:  111     ISSN:  0033-3158     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychopharmacology (Berl.)     Publication Date:  1993  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-28     Completed Date:  1995-03-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7608025     Medline TA:  Psychopharmacology (Berl)     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  472-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Tübingen, Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Affect / drug effects
Arousal / drug effects
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Heart Rate / drug effects
Humans
Male
Pain Threshold / drug effects*
Smoking / physiopathology,  psychology*
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / physiopathology,  psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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