Document Detail

Effects of single-wall carbon nanotubes in human cells of the oral cavity: Geno-cytotoxic risk.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21968257     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are one of the most extensively produced carbon materials and the environmental, public and professional exposure is therefore dramatically increasing. Consequently the studies on bio-effects and safety of SWCNTs are highly needed. The goal of this study was investigate the effects in vitro of SWCNTs in cells of the oral cavity, never employed in this research field. We exposed human gingival fibroblasts to 50, 75, 100, 125, 150μg/ml SWCNTs for 24h and we investigated genotoxicity (Comet assay and micronucleus test), cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, as reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and stress response, as Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) expression. SWCNTs produced genotoxic effects at all doses, even if detected with different sensitiveness by the two tests, and at the two highest doses induced a strong decrease of the cell proliferation and cell survival, causing apoptosis too. Furthermore, we proved the ability of these nanomaterials to induce oxidative stress and Hsp70 expression. Finally, by inhibition of Hsp70 expression, we demonstrated that this heat shock protein conferred protection against SWCNT geno-cytotoxicity.
Rosadele Cicchetti; Maurizio Divizia; Federica Valentini; Gabriella Argentin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-3177     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8712158     Medline TA:  Toxicol In Vitro     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Dept. Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
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