Document Detail


Effects of short-term food deprivation and chronic dietary restraint on the selective processing of appetitive-related cues.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9062836     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Selective processing of appetitive cues was investigated among food-deprived subjects and restrained eaters using the modified Stroop. METHOD: Thirty-two university students (25 females, 7 males) were randomly assigned to a 6-hr food deprivation (FD) or a no food deprivation (NFD) condition. Subjects were also divided into three restrained eating groups-high (HR), moderate (MR), and low (LR)-according to Restraint Scale scores. Subjects color named sets of food, alcohol, and leisure control words. Stroop color-naming latencies were submitted to 2 x 3 (Food Deprivation Condition x Word Type) and 3 x 3 (Restrained Eating Group x Word Type) repeated measures analyses of variance (ANOVAs). RESULTS: Food deprivation failed to produce longer latencies for food or alcohol words relative to control words. However, HR status was associated with significantly longer latencies for both food and alcohol, relative to control, words. DISCUSSION: Chronic dietary restraint but not short-term food deprivation was associated with selective processing of appetitive cues. The results have implications for understanding food preoccupation and risk for alcohol abuse in restrained eaters.
Authors:
S H Stewart; S B Samoluk
Related Documents :
12122466 - Brain serotonin and the control of food intake in rainbow trout (oncorhynchus mykiss): ...
18959546 - Cross classification of the new zealand population by ethnicity and deprivation: trends...
7043686 - Changes in certain metabolic parameters in horses associated with food deprivation and ...
16540156 - Effect of opioid antagonism on conditioned place preferences to snack foods.
18461786 - Cyanobacterial poisoning in livestock, wild mammals and birds--an overview.
20958756 - Coping with drought and food insecurity in ethiopia.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of eating disorders     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0276-3478     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Eat Disord     Publication Date:  1997 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-05-30     Completed Date:  1997-05-30     Revised Date:  2007-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8111226     Medline TA:  Int J Eat Disord     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  129-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention*
Color Perception*
Diet, Reducing / psychology*
Discrimination Learning
Female
Food Deprivation*
Humans
Hunger
Male
Reading
Semantics*
Students / psychology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The nutrient intake of women with bulimia nervosa.
Next Document:  The effect of a reduced energy diet and meal patterns on smoking and coffee drinking in women.