Document Detail

Effects of short-term food deprivation and chronic dietary restraint on the selective processing of appetitive-related cues.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9062836     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Selective processing of appetitive cues was investigated among food-deprived subjects and restrained eaters using the modified Stroop. METHOD: Thirty-two university students (25 females, 7 males) were randomly assigned to a 6-hr food deprivation (FD) or a no food deprivation (NFD) condition. Subjects were also divided into three restrained eating groups-high (HR), moderate (MR), and low (LR)-according to Restraint Scale scores. Subjects color named sets of food, alcohol, and leisure control words. Stroop color-naming latencies were submitted to 2 x 3 (Food Deprivation Condition x Word Type) and 3 x 3 (Restrained Eating Group x Word Type) repeated measures analyses of variance (ANOVAs). RESULTS: Food deprivation failed to produce longer latencies for food or alcohol words relative to control words. However, HR status was associated with significantly longer latencies for both food and alcohol, relative to control, words. DISCUSSION: Chronic dietary restraint but not short-term food deprivation was associated with selective processing of appetitive cues. The results have implications for understanding food preoccupation and risk for alcohol abuse in restrained eaters.
S H Stewart; S B Samoluk
Related Documents :
9776316 - Stress-induced increase in urinary isatin excretion in rats: reversal by both dexametha...
7393966 - Deprivation-dependent effects of amphetamine on concurrent measures of feeding and acti...
1373446 - The effect of food deprivation on brain and gastrointestinal tissue levels of tryptopha...
23604666 - Deoxynivalenol contents in foodstuffs of organical and conventional production.
18709896 - Establishing safe and potentially efficacious fortification contents for folic acid and...
9494656 - A nationwide outbreak of coconut-associated paratyphoid a fever in singapore.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of eating disorders     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0276-3478     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Eat Disord     Publication Date:  1997 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-05-30     Completed Date:  1997-05-30     Revised Date:  2007-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8111226     Medline TA:  Int J Eat Disord     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  129-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Color Perception*
Diet, Reducing / psychology*
Discrimination Learning
Food Deprivation*
Students / psychology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  The nutrient intake of women with bulimia nervosa.
Next Document:  The effect of a reduced energy diet and meal patterns on smoking and coffee drinking in women.