Document Detail

Effects of a short-term exercise program on caloric consumption.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4076119     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study investigated the effects of a short-term exercise program on caloric intake. Thirty-three women were randomly assigned to either a high-intensity exercise group (80% maximum heart rate), low-intensity exercise group (55% maximum heart rate), or waiting list control group. Exercisers were required to ride ergometer bicycles three times per week for 7 weeks, expending 200 kilocalories of energy per exercise session. All participants recorded food intake during specified weeks before, during, and following the exercise program. Results showed no significant caloric intake differences among the three groups, but a trend toward reduction in food intake with increased exercise intensity was found. Interestingly, comparisons between caloric intake on exercise and nonexercise days revealed that both exercise groups consumed significantly less on exercise days. Additionally, the control group evidenced a larger caloric intake level than did the two exercise groups on exercise days. These results suggest that exercisers do not compensate for energy expenditure by increasing caloric intake and that choosing between low- and high-intensity exercise does not differentially alter caloric intake. Nevertheless, maximization of negative energy balance or weight loss may be best achieved by exercise programs of high frequency and intensity.
B E Dickson-Parnell; A Zeichner
Related Documents :
21718259 - A randomized controlled clinical trial of the seattle protocol for activity in older ad...
7872209 - Interaction of acute changes in exercise energy expenditure and energy intake on restin...
2079069 - Estimation of errors in mechanical efficiency.
9721009 - External loading does not change energy cost and mechanics of rollerski skating.
15020579 - Reducing the time period of steady state does not affect the accuracy of energy expendi...
21789889 - Enhancement of vasorelaxation in hypertension following high-intensity exercise.
2537239 - Polymorphonuclear leucocyte chemotaxis in response to leukotriene b4 in treated and unt...
20887359 - Lxr activation prevents exhaustive exercise-induced hypoglycaemia and spares muscle gly...
17913559 - A treadmill control protocol combining nonlinear, equally smooth increases in speed and...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0278-6133     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Psychol     Publication Date:  1985  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-02-19     Completed Date:  1986-02-19     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211523     Medline TA:  Health Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  437-48     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue / analysis
Body Composition
Body Weight
Energy Intake*
Energy Metabolism
Physical Exertion*
Physical Fitness

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Does the Illness Behavior Questionnaire measure abnormal illness behavior?
Next Document:  Equine cytogenetics: role in equine veterinary practice.