Document Detail


Effects of self-efficacy, body mass, and cardiorespiratory fitness on exercise motives in Chinese college students.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18820345     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Researchers have studied exercise determinants primarily from cognitive and social psychology perspectives, which typically give minimal attention to the body as a physical and biological entity. With the belief that tapping into multidimensional variables would potentially help us better understand motivation in exercise, we designed this study to examine the influences of self-efficacy, body mass, and cardiorespiratory fitness level on Chinese college students' leisure-time exercise motives. METHODS: 208 college students completed measures of self-efficacy and exercise motives during regular physical education classes. Their body mass and cardiorespiratory fitness level data were derived from the latest annual physical training test. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to investigate the effects of self-efficacy, body mass, and cardiorespiratory fitness on exercise motives. RESULTS: Cardiorespiratory fitness level and self-efficacy in exercise significantly contributed to both psychological and interpersonal motives. Body mass was the only significant predictor for body-related motives. However, analyses of health and fitness motives did not result in any significant predictors. CONCLUSION: Physical and psychological variables have both independent and specialized functions on exercise motives. Future motivational studies in exercise should pay greater attention to ecological approaches that account for physical, psychological, and social factors.
Authors:
Bo Shen; Chiren Xu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of physical activity & health     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1543-3080     ISO Abbreviation:  J Phys Act Health     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-29     Completed Date:  2009-01-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101189457     Medline TA:  J Phys Act Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  706-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Body Mass Index*
Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena*
China
Exercise / psychology*
Female
Humans
Male
Motivation*
Regression Analysis
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena*
Self Efficacy*
Students / psychology*
United States
Universities
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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