Document Detail

Effects of resistance- and flexibility-exercise interventions on balance and related measures in older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19940323     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This research explored the balance benefits to untrained older adults of participating in community-based resistance and flexibility programs. In a blinded randomized crossover trial, 32 older adults (M = 66.9 yr) participated in a resistance-exercise program and a flexibility-exercise program for 16 weeks each. Sway velocity and mediolateral sway range were recorded. Timed up-and-go, 10 times sit-to-stand, and step test were also assessed, and lower limb strength was measured. Significant improvements in sway velocity, as well as timed up-and-go, 10 times sit-to-stand, and step test, were seen with both interventions, with no significant differences between the 2 groups. Resistance training resulted in significant increases in strength that were not evident in the flexibility intervention. Balance performance was significantly improved after both resistance training and standing flexibility training; however, further investigation is required to determine the mechanisms responsible for the improvement.
Marie-Louise Bird; Keith Hill; Madeleine Ball; Andrew D Williams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of aging and physical activity     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1063-8652     ISO Abbreviation:  J Aging Phys Act     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-26     Completed Date:  2009-12-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415639     Medline TA:  J Aging Phys Act     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  444-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Human Life Sciences, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Tasmania, 7250 Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Over Studies
Exercise / physiology*
Middle Aged
Muscle Stretching Exercises
Postural Balance / physiology*
Resistance Training*
Task Performance and Analysis

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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