Document Detail


Effects of resistance, endurance, and concurrent exercise on training outcomes in men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15570149     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The specificity of training principle predicts that combining resistance and endurance training (concurrent training) could interfere with the maximum development of strength and endurance capacity that results from either type of training alone. PURPOSE: To determine whether endurance and resistance training performed concurrently produces different performance and physiologic responses compared with each type of training alone. METHODS: Untrained male volunteers were randomly assigned to one of three groups: endurance training (ET, N = 12); resistance training (RT, N = 13); and concurrent training (CT, N = 16). The following measurements were made on all subjects before and after 12 wk of training: weight, percent body fat, peak oxygen consumption (VO(2peak)), isokinetic peak torque and average power produced during single-leg flexion and extension at 60 and 180 degrees.s, one-repetition maximum (1RM) leg press, 1RM bench press, vertical jump height, and calculated jump power. RESULTS: Weight and lean body mass (LBM) increased significantly in the RT and CT groups (P < 0.05). Percent body fat was significantly decreased in the ET and CT groups. VO(2peak) was significantly improved only in the ET group. Peak torque during flexion and extension at 180 degrees.s(-1) increased in the RT group. Improvements in 1RM leg press and bench press were significant in all groups, but were significantly greater in the RT and CT compared to the ET group. Jump power improved significantly only in the RT group, and no group showed a significant change in vertical jump height. CONCLUSIONS: Concurrent training performed by young, healthy men does not interfere with strength development, but may hinder development of maximal aerobic capacity.
Authors:
Shawn P Glowacki; Steven E Martin; Ann Maurer; Wooyeul Baek; John S Green; Stephen F Crouse
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2004 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-11-30     Completed Date:  2005-02-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2119-27     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4243, USA. s-crouse@tamu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Body Mass Index
Body Weight
Humans
Male
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Endurance*
Task Performance and Analysis
Treatment Outcome
Weight Lifting*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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