Document Detail


Effects of residual and reapplied biosolids on performance and mineral status of grazing beef steers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11831525     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An experiment was designed to assess the mineral status of 60 Angus yearling beef steers grazing bahiagrass pastures fertilized with large amounts of biosolids from three sources: Baltimore, MD; Tampa, FL; and Largo, FL. Biosolids were classified as exceptional quality and thus had no regulatory restrictions on loading rate. They differed primarily in concentration of Mo (12 to 56 mg/kg of DM). Residual treatments (biosolids applied only the previous year) for Baltimore biosolids were applied at 22.4 and 44.8 t/ha, and Tampa biosolids were either 16.8 or 33.6 t/ ha. The reapplied treatments (applied in consecutive years) for both Baltimore and Tampa sludges were applied at 22.4, 44.8, 16.8 , and 33.6 t/ha, respectively. The two Largo biosolids treatments were either 56 or 112 t/ha and were applied only in the 2nd yr. Liver biopsies and blood samples were collected on d 1, 95, and 180. Liver and plasma were analyzed for minerals and blood was analyzed for hemoglobin, hematocrit, and superoxide dismutase of polymorphonuclear neutrophils. Experimental animals were generally adequate in macromineral status and Co, Fe, and Mn throughout the experiment. Copper deficiency was evident based on the clinical signs of hair coat discoloration, very low plasma Cu at d 95, and the continuous decline in liver Cu over 180 d. A sharp decline in plasma Cu was observed for all treatments from d 1 to 95, after which Cu concentrations rebounded to normal concentrations (> 0.65 microg/mL) by d 180. Liver Mo was well below concentrations indicating toxicity (> 5.0 mg/kg). The steep decline in liver Cu over the first 95 d reflects the dietary Cu deficiency and the possibility of high forage S (0.26 to 0.52%) interfering with Cu metabolism. Biosolids application to bahiagrass pastures was not detrimental to mineral status except for declining Cu stores; however, the controls likewise declined, but to a lesser degree.
Authors:
M E Tiffany; L R Mcdowell; G A O'Connor; F G Martin; N S Wilkinson; S S Percival; P A Rabiansky
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  80     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  2002 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-02-07     Completed Date:  2002-06-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  260-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611-0910, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed
Animals
Biopsy
Body Composition
Cattle / growth & development*,  physiology
Copper / deficiency,  metabolism
Hematocrit / veterinary
Hemoglobins / analysis
Liver / chemistry,  metabolism
Male
Minerals / administration & dosage,  metabolism*
Molybdenum / metabolism
Poaceae
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins; 0/Minerals; 7439-98-7/Molybdenum; 7440-50-8/Copper

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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