Document Detail


Effects of reporting methods on infant mortality rate estimates for racial and ethnic subgroups.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7734636     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Estimation of infant mortality rates for racial and ethnic subgroups has been plagued by uncertainties. Yet policymakers need accurate estimates to allocate resources toward the goal of reducing infant mortality. The authors compared hospital discharge records and death certificate information to birth certificate information from the California Birth Cohort (years 1985-1987) and 1986 Annual Hospital Discharge Abstract. They found discrepancies in infant mortality rates between reporting methods and underreporting of some non-White groups. Infant mortality rates based on death certificates underestimated non-White mortality, particularly for Native Americans and East Asians. Compared to infants who died soon after birth, larger discrepancies in reported race and ethnicity between birth certificates and death certificates for infants who died later also indicated possible errors in hospital reporting methods. These findings extend prior research that documents that standard methods of reporting infant mortality underestimate non-White mortality rates.
Authors:
D O Farley; T Richards; R M Bell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of health care for the poor and underserved     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1049-2089     ISO Abbreviation:  J Health Care Poor Underserved     Publication Date:  1995  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-06-07     Completed Date:  1995-06-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9103800     Medline TA:  J Health Care Poor Underserved     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  60-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Physician Payment Review Commission, Washington, DC 20037, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bias (Epidemiology)
Birth Certificates
California / epidemiology
Cohort Studies
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Data Collection / methods*
Death Certificates
Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data*
Humans
Infant
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1 RD1 HS06567/HS/AHRQ HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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