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Effects of reinforcing increases in active behavior versus decreases in sedentary behavior for obese children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16250788     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
This experiment tested the effects of reinforcing obese children lo be more active or less sedentary in their choice of active versus sedentary behaviors. On days I and 5, there were no contingencies for sedentary or active behaviors. During days 2 through 4, children in the Activity group were reinforced for being more active, and they significantly increased their activity and decreased time spent on preferred sedentary activities. Children in the Sedentary group were reinforced for not engaging in preferred sedentary behaviors, and they significantly decreased time spent on these sedentary behaviors, with lime reallocated both to being more active and to substitution of lower preference sedentary behaviors. Children randomized to the Control group were reinforced for attendance and made choices among the alternatives as usual, allocating most or their time during all 5 days for their preferred sedentary behaviors. These laboratory results support the idea that activity can be increased by either reinforcing children for being more active or for reducing lime spent in sedentary activities.
L H Epstein; B E Saelens; J G O'Brien
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of behavioral medicine     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1070-5503     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Behav Med     Publication Date:  1995  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-27     Completed Date:  2006-01-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9421097     Medline TA:  Int J Behav Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  41-50     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, NY 14260, USA.
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