Document Detail

Effects of reiki in clinical practice: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18410352     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review is to summarise and critically evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of reiki. METHODS: We searched the literature using 23 databases from their respective inceptions through to November 2007 (search again 23 January 2008) without language restrictions. Methodological quality was assessed using the Jadad score. RESULTS: The searches identified 205 potentially relevant studies. Nine randomised clinical trials (RCTs) met our inclusion criteria. Two RCTs suggested beneficial effects of reiki compared with sham control on depression, while one RCT did not report intergroup differences. For pain and anxiety, one RCT showed intergroup differences compared with sham control. For stress and hopelessness a further RCT reported effects of reiki and distant reiki compared with distant sham control. For functional recovery after ischaemic stroke there were no intergroup differences compared with sham. There was also no difference for anxiety between groups of pregnant women undergoing amniocentesis. For diabetic neuropathy there were no effects of reiki on pain. A further RCT failed to show the effects of reiki for anxiety and depression in women undergoing breast biopsy compared with conventional care. DISCUSSION: In total, the trial data for any one condition are scarce and independent replications are not available for each condition. Most trials suffered from methodological flaws such as small sample size, inadequate study design and poor reporting. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the evidence is insufficient to suggest that reiki is an effective treatment for any condition. Therefore the value of reiki remains unproven.
M S Lee; M H Pittler; E Ernst
Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Review     Date:  2008-04-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of clinical practice     Volume:  62     ISSN:  1742-1241     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Clin. Pract.     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-15     Completed Date:  2008-12-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712381     Medline TA:  Int J Clin Pract     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  947-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter & Plymouth, Exeter, UK.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Anxiety Disorders / therapy
Depressive Disorder / therapy
Pain / prevention & control
Physician's Practice Patterns*
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Stress, Psychological / therapy
Therapeutic Touch*
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Clinical characteristics of patients with diabetic polyneuropathy: the role of clinical and electrom...
Next Document:  Tuberculosis-HIV co-infection: policy and epidemiology in 25 countries in the WHO European region.