Document Detail

Effects of reduction of inspired oxygen fraction or application of positive end-expiratory pressure after an alveolar recruitment maneuver on respiratory mechanics, gas exchange, and lung aeration in dogs during anesthesia and neuromuscular blockade.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23270342     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Objective-To evaluate the effectiveness of reduction of inspired oxygen fraction (Fio(2)) or application of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) after an alveolar recruitment maneuver (ARM) in minimizing anesthesia-induced atelectasis in dogs. Animals-30 healthy female dogs. Procedures-During anesthesia and neuromuscular blockade, dogs were mechanically ventilated under baseline conditions (tidal volume, 12 mL/kg; inspiratory-to-expiratory ratio, 1:2; Fio(2), 1; and zero end-expiratory pressure [ZEEP]). After 40 minutes, lungs were inflated (airway pressure, 40 cm H(2)O) for 20 seconds. Dogs were then exposed to baseline conditions (ZEEP100 group), baseline conditions with Fio(2) reduced to 0.4 (ZEEP40 group), or baseline conditions with PEEP at 5 cm H(2)O (PEEP100 group; 10 dogs/group). For each dog, arterial blood gas variables and respiratory system mechanics were evaluated and CT scans of the thorax were obtained before and at 5 (T5) and 30 (T30) minutes after the ARM. Results-Compared with pre-ARM findings, atelectasis decreased and Pao(2):Fio(2) ratio increased at T5 in all groups. At T30, atelectasis and oxygenation returned to pre-ARM findings in the ZEEP100 group but remained similar to T5 findings in the other groups. At T5 and T30, lung static compliance in the PEEP100 group was higher than values in the other groups. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Application of airway pressure of 40 cm H(2)O for 20 seconds followed by Fio(2) reduction to 0.4 or ventilation with PEEP (5 cm H(2)O) was effective in diminishing anesthesia-induced atelectasis and maintaining lung function in dogs, compared with the effects of mechanical ventilation providing an Fio(2) of 1.
Valentina De Monte; Salvatore Grasso; Carmelinda De Marzo; Antonio Crovace; Francesco Staffieri
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1943-5681     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  25-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dipartimento dell'Emergenza e dei Trapianti di Organi, Sezione di Chirurgia Veterinaria, Facoltà di Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli Studi di Bari, Aldo Moro, Valenzano, (Bari), Italy.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Comparison of a body-mounted inertial sensor system-based method with subjective evaluation for dete...
Next Document:  Load redistribution in walking and trotting Beagles with induced forelimb lameness.