Document Detail

Effects of raw materials, ingredients, and production lines on arsenic and copper concentrations in confectionery products.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12059152     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The Spaniard legislation sets up maximum levels for total arsenic (As) and copper (Cu) in confectionery products at 0.1 and 5.0 microg g(-)(1), respectively. Concentrations of these two trace elements were determined in four confectionery products: chewing gum, two licorice items, and soft candy. The effects of raw materials quality and production lines were studied. Arsenic and copper were quantified by atomic absorption spectrometry with hydride generation and slotted-tube atom trap tubes, respectively. Their levels were, in general, below the maximum limits establish by the Spaniard legislation; however, the As concentration in the licorice sticks was above this maximum limit (0.11 +/- 0.01 microg g(-)(1)). Statistics proved that quality of raw materials and the production lines both significantly affected As and Cu concentrations in the final products. The licorice extract and molasses were found as the common source for As and Cu pollution. The As concentration in the licorice extract was 0.503 +/- 0.01 microg g(-)(1), and could represent a serious hazard to human health if it is used in high proportions.
A A Carbonell-Barrachina; E García; J Sánchez Soriano; P Aracil; F Burló
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0021-8561     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2002 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-12     Completed Date:  2002-07-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3738-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
División Tecnología de Alimentos, Universidad Miguel Hernández, Carretera de Beniel, km 3.2, 03312 Orihuela, Alicante, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Arsenic / analysis*
Candy / analysis*
Copper / analysis*
Food Handling / methods*
Glycyrrhiza / chemistry
Legislation, Food
Quality Control
Spectrophotometry, Atomic
Reg. No./Substance:
7440-38-2/Arsenic; 7440-50-8/Copper

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