Document Detail


Effects of pyridoxine on growth performance and plasma aminotransferases and homocysteine of white pekin ducks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25358368     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A dose-response experiment with seven supplemental pyridoxine levels (0, 0.66, 1.32, 1.98, 2.64, 3.30, and 3.96 mg/kg) was conducted to investigate the effects of pyridoxine on growth performance and plasma aminotransferases and homocysteine of White Pekin ducks and to estimate pyridoxine requirement for these birds. A total of 336 one-day-old male White Pekin ducks were divided to 7 experimental treatments and each treatment contained 8 replicate pens with 6 birds per pen. Ducks were reared in raised wire-floor pens from hatch to 28 d of age. At 28 d of age, the weight gain, feed intake, feed/gain, and the aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and homocysteine in plasma of ducks from each pen were all measured. In our study, the pyridoxine deficiency of ducks was characterized by growth depression, decreasing plasma aspartate aminotransferase activity and increasing plasma homocysteine. The ducks fed vitamin B6-deficient basal diets had the worst weight gain and feed/gain among all birds and this growth depression was alleviated (p<0.05) when pyridoxine was supplemented to basal diets. On the other hand, plasma aspartate aminotransferase and homocysteine may be the sensitive indicators for vitamin B6 status of ducks. The ducks fed basal diets had much lower aspartate aminotransferase activity and higher homocysteine level in plasma compared with other birds fed pyridoxine-supplemented diets (p<0.05). According to quadratic regression, the supplemental pyridoxine requirements of Pekin ducks from hatch to 28 days of age was 2.44 mg/kg for feed/gain and 2.08 mg/kg for plasma aspartate aminotransferase and the corresponding total requirements of this vitamin for these two criteria were 4.37 and 4.01 mg/kg when the pyridoxine concentration of basal diets was included, respectively. All data suggested that pyridoxine deficiency could cause growth retardation in ducks and the deficiency of this vitamin could be indicated by decreasing plasma aspartate aminotransferase activity and increasing plasma homocysteine.
Authors:
Ming Xie; Jing Tang; Zhiguo Wen; Wei Huang; Shuisheng Hou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1011-2367     ISO Abbreviation:  Asian-australas. J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-31     Completed Date:  2014-10-31     Revised Date:  2014-11-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9884245     Medline TA:  Asian-Australas J Anim Sci     Country:  Korea (South)    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1744-8     Citation Subset:  -    
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