Document Detail

Effects of psychosocial characteristics of work on pregnancy outcomes: a critical review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21547862     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Birth outcomes may influence subsequent susceptibility to chronic diseases. With the increased number of women who continue to work during pregnancy, occupational stress has been hypothesized to be a potential contributor to adverse reproductive health outcomes. The Job Demand and Control model has been primarily used in investigating associations between work-related stress and outcomes such as preterm delivery, low birth weight, and spontaneous abortion. A literature review of occupational factors that have been associated with adverse reproductive outcomes was conducted. In studies assessing preterm delivery and low birth weight, some evidence has suggested a modest association with work-related stress but has not been conclusive. In the literature on psychosocial characteristics of work and spontaneous abortion, job strain alone was often not associated with adverse outcomes. However the presence of other risk factors resulted in a synergistic effect which strengthened the odds of an adverse outcome. Future studies should use a prospective design with a large study sample, in which work-related stress exposure data are collected before or in the early stages of the pregnancy. In addition, future research should measure psychosocial characteristics of work both objectively and subjectively.
Miriam Mutambudzi; John D Meyer; Nicholas Warren; Susan Reisine
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Women & health     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1541-0331     ISO Abbreviation:  Women Health     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7608076     Medline TA:  Women Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  279-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, USA.
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