Document Detail

Effects of a psychiatric intensive care unit in an acute psychiatric department.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16635934     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Psychiatric acute units use different levels of segregation to satisfy needs for containment and decrease in sensory input for behaviourally disturbed patients. Controlled studies evaluating the effects of the procedure are lacking. The aim of the present study was to compare effects in acutely admitted patients with the use of a psychiatric intensive care unit (PICU) and not in a psychiatric acute department. In a naturalistic study, one group of consecutively referred patients had access only to the PICU, the other group to the whole acute unit. Data were obtained for 56 and 62 patients using several scales. There were significant differences in reduction of behaviour associated with imminent, threatening incidents (Broset Violence Checklist), and actual number of such incidents (Staff Observation Aggression Scale-Revised) in favour of the group that was treated in a PICU. The principles of patient segregation in PICUs have favourable effects on behaviours associated with and the actual numbers of violent and threatening incidents.
A E Vaaler; G Morken; J C Fløvig; V C Iversen; O M Linaker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nordic journal of psychiatry     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0803-9488     ISO Abbreviation:  Nord J Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-25     Completed Date:  2006-10-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100927567     Medline TA:  Nord J Psychiatry     Country:  Norway    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  144-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Ostmarka Psychiatric Department, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Acute Disease
Intensive Care Units*
Mental Disorders / diagnosis*,  psychology,  therapy*
Psychiatric Department, Hospital*
Psychiatric Nursing
Treatment Outcome
Violence / psychology
Comment In:
Nord J Psychiatry. 2006;60(2):77   [PMID:  16635924 ]

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