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Effects of protein extract from head-foot tissue of Oncomelania hupensis on the growth and gene expression of mother sporocysts of Schistosoma japonicum.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21800125     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Oncomelania hupensis is the intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum. In the present study, we investigated the effects of protein extracts from head-foot or gland tissue of O. hupensis on mother sporocysts of S. japonicum cultured in vitro. In the presence of head-foot protein extract of snails from the native province Hunan, in-vitro-transformed mother sporocysts presented not only a longer survival time and stronger motility, but also a bigger size than parasites cultured with protein extracts of glands of the same snail or head-foot tissue of a non-native snail from the Hubei province. Using suppression subtractive hybridization, two subtractive libraries were constructed on the basis of RNA of sporocysts cultured with or without native snail head-foot protein extract. A number of 31 transcripts were found to be up-regulated. Sequence analyses revealed that they represented genes involved among others in metabolic process, electron transport chain, response to chemical stimulus, and oxidation-reduction processes. Opposite to that 20 down-regulated transcripts were among others related to pseudouridine synthesis, RNA processing, and ribosome biogenesis. The differential expression of three of these transcripts, encoding cytochrome c oxidase subunit 2 (Cox2), NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (ND1), and dyskeratosis congenita 1 protein (DKC1), were confirmed by real-time PCR. The promoted development and the differential gene expression of cultured sporocysts under the influence of head-foot protein extract of native O. hupensis implied not only its ability to improve in vitro culture conditions for intramolluscan stages, it may also represent a priming result with respect to the identification and characterization of factors involved in the parasite-host interplay between S. japonicum and O. hupensis.
Jun Yong Zhu; Qing Ye; Qin Ping Zhao; Zhen Ping Ming; Christoph G Grevelding; Ming Sen Jiang; Hui Fen Dong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Parasitology research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1955     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703571     Medline TA:  Parasitol Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Parasitology, School of Basic Medical Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.
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