Document Detail

Effects of propofol-sevoflurane anesthesia on the maternal and fetal hemodynamics blood gases, and uterine activity in pregnant goats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14600344     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To determine the effects of propofol and sevoflurane on hemodynamics, acid-base balance and uterine activity in pregnant animals, a prospective experimental study was designed by use of ten pregnant goats. Propofol was intravenously administered at a bolus dose of 5 mg/kg and then infused a rate of 0.3 mg/kg/min for 5 min. Following the induction, the animals were incrementally inhaled 2.7 and 4.1% of end-tidal concentration of sevoflurane each for 30 min, and then recovered. The maternal and fetal heart rate (HR), arterial blood pressure (BP) and acid-base balance, the intrauterine pressure (IUP), and the uterine blood flow (UBF) were measured. Following the pre-anesthetic data, the parameters were measured 7 times throughout the anesthetic and recovering periods. The propofol infusion induced 1.37 times of HR increase and produced decrease in PO(2) and a relevant metabolic acidemia in the mother, with no effect in the fetus. Sevoflurane reduced BP in the fetus from 30 (2.7%) to 60 (4.1%) min of inhalation. The uterine contractions disappeared throughout sevoflurane inhalation, and then recurred within 15 min after the cessation of sevoflurane. Propofol injection increases HR, and induces a moderate hypoxemia and metabolic acidemia associated with the suppressed ventilation for pregnant goats, with less effect on the fetal hemodinamics. Sevoflurane causes minimal change in maternal hemodynamics, but induces significant hypotension in the fetus and reduction of uterine activity. These data may be useful in making anesthetic choices combined with analgesia for Caesarian section in goats.
Kentaro Setoyama; Takeshi Shinzato; Kazuhiro Misumi; Makoto Fujiki; Hiroshi Sakamoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of veterinary medical science / the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0916-7250     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vet. Med. Sci.     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-11-05     Completed Date:  2004-01-06     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105360     Medline TA:  J Vet Med Sci     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1075-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Veterinary Medicine, Kagoshima University, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Anesthetics, Inhalation / pharmacology
Anesthetics, Intravenous / pharmacology
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Conscious Sedation
Drug Combinations
Fetus / drug effects,  physiology
Heart Rate / drug effects
Hemodynamics / drug effects,  physiology*
Methyl Ethers / pharmacology*
Movement / drug effects
Pregnancy, Animal / drug effects,  physiology*
Propofol / pharmacology*
Respiratory Mechanics
Time Factors
Uterus / drug effects,  physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics, Inhalation; 0/Anesthetics, Intravenous; 0/Drug Combinations; 0/Methyl Ethers; 2078-54-8/Propofol; 28523-86-6/sevoflurane

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