Document Detail

Effects of prolonging peak dobutamine dose during stress echocardiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9060888     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to test whether the physiologic advantage of a prolonged dobutamine stage during stress echocardiography can be effectively combined with a clinically practical infusion protocol. BACKGROUND: Dobutamine has a half-life of 2 min and requires up to 10 min to achieve steady state. Despite these known pharmacodynamics, dobutamine stress echocardiography is routinely performed by advancing doses at 3-min intervals. Canine studies have shown that dobutamine stress echocardiography end points will occur at a lower dose if each stage is prolonged, but these findings have yet to be used in the clinical setting. METHODS: The standard 3-min dobutamine dose stage during stress echocardiography was modified by extending the peak dose (40 micrograms/kg body weight per min) for an additional 2 min. Consecutive patients underwent this modified protocol to test whether the requirement for atropine could be reduced. According to this modified protocol, if a dobutamine stress echocardiographic end point (85% of maximal predicted heart rate, new wall motion abnormalities, hypotension, arrhythmia or intolerable symptoms) was not reached at 3 min of the peak dose, this dose was prolonged for an additional 2 min. If a doubtamine stress echocardiographic end point was still not attained, atropine (up to 1.0 mg intravenously) was administered. RESULTS: The study included 84 patients, 22 of whom (26.2%) achieved a dobutamine stress echocardiographic end point using the standard 3-min stage. Of the 62 patients who did not reach an end point in the initial 3 min of peak dobutamine dose, the additional 2 min of dobutamine increased heart rate (from 99.6 +/- 23.8 to 107.2 +/- 23.2 beats/min, p < 0.01) and allowed 20 patients (32.3%, p < 0.01) to attain an end point. Of the remaining 42 patients, 23 never achieved a stress echocardiographic end point, despite 1.0 mg of atropine. One patient developed supraventricular tachycardia during the additional 2 min of dobutamine, and one developed nonsustained ventricular tachycardia after receiving atropine. CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate that a significant number of patients (32%) who do not reach a dobutamine stress echocardiographic end point with the standard protocol can safely attain an end point solely by extending the duration of the peak dose. Adoption of this strategy may reduce the need for supplemental atropine and its potential adverse effects.
N J Weissman; G A Rose; G P Foster; M H Picard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1997 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-04     Completed Date:  1997-04-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  526-30     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Division of Cardiology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C. 20007, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Cardiotonic Agents / administration & dosage*,  diagnostic use*
Dobutamine / administration & dosage*,  diagnostic use*
Echocardiography* / methods
Feasibility Studies
Middle Aged
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cardiotonic Agents; 34368-04-2/Dobutamine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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