Document Detail


Effects of prolonged metoprolol treatment on neural remodeling and inducible ventricular arrhythmias after myocardial infarction in rabbits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16887215     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Neural remodeling is part of the pathophysiology of ventricular arrhythmias after myocardial infarction (MI). In this study, we developed a rabbit model of MI to investigate the effect of the beta-blocker metoprolol on ventricular neural remodeling and susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS: MI was induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery in 30 rabbits, and sham operations were performed in 12 control animals. Metoprolol was then administered to 15 of the MI animals. After electrophysiological recordings, the expression of nerve markers was studied at the infarct border and the non-infarct left ventricle free wall (LVFW) by immunostaining or RT-PCR. RESULTS: Eight weeks after MI, the incidence of inducible ventricular arrhythmias was significantly (P<0.01) higher in the MI group than in the sham group. However, metoprolol treatment decreased incidence of post-MI ventricular arrhythmias (8.3%) compared to those without treatment (58.3%, P<0.001). The density of nerve fibers was increased in MI group (3889+/-521 microm(2)/mm(2)) compared to the sham group (1727+/-304 microm(2)/mm(2)). Treatment of MI rabbits with metoprolol resulted in a partial reduction (2725+/-283 microm(2)/mm(2)). However, the shape and imbalance of nerve fibers appeared to be normalized by the metoprolol treatment. The expression levels of TH mRNA were reduced (P<0.01) by metoprolol treatment. CONCLUSION: Metoprolol reduces post-MI ventricular arrhythmias, partly by altering the neural remodeling process.
Authors:
Su-Hua Yan; He-Sheng Hu; Xing-Li Wang; Qi-Chong Xing; Qing Wang; Chang-Wen Shi; Wen-Juan Cheng; Mei Xue
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-08-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  117     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-06     Completed Date:  2007-07-09     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  317-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Qianfoshan Hospital of Shandong Province, Jinan, 250014, China. yansuhua5537@163.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / administration & dosage*
Animals
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / etiology*,  prevention & control*
Heart Ventricles / drug effects,  innervation
Metoprolol / administration & dosage*
Myocardial Infarction / complications*
Rabbits
Ventricular Remodeling / drug effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic beta-Antagonists; 37350-58-6/Metoprolol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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