Document Detail

Effects of a probiotic Enterococcus faecium strain supplemented from birth to weaning on diarrhoea patterns and performance of piglets.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16422766     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This placebo-controlled double-blind study was conducted to evaluate effects of Enterococcus faecium DSM 10663 NCIMB 10415 (EcF) orally given from birth to weaning on diarrhoea and performance of piglets. At the first 3 days postnatum (p.n.), piglets from 54 [verum group (VG)] and 60 [placebo group (PG)] sows got 1 g of a gel directly per mouth by a dosing device. Gel for the VG contained 2.8 x 10(9) colony forming units (CFU) EcF/g. From day 4 p.n. until weaning (24 +/- 3.2 days p.n.) a liquid additive was given that administered twice a day 1.26 x 10(9) CFU EcF to each VG piglet. In case of diarrhoea, an electrolyte solution was used which provided daily 2.9 and 5.8 (week 1 and >or= 2, respectively) x 10(8) CFU EcF per VG piglet. Diarrhoea scores were defined as follows: (i) no diarrhoea; (ii) piglets developed diarrhoea, but were vital and (iii) piglets suffered from diarrhoea and additionally looked pale, developed rough coat, showed slackening of the flank and lethargy. Counts of viable born, stillborn and weaned piglets were normal and not different between groups (p > 0.05). Placebo group vs. VG piglets suffered more frequently from diarrhoea (40.0 vs. 14.8%, p < 0.05). Duration of diarrhoea was not affected by feeding EcF (2.2 +/- 0.81 days, p > 0.05). Diarrhoea score was lower in VG vs. PG (1.2 vs. 1.5 +/- 0.54, p < 0.05) and the daily weight gain (DWG) was higher by 17 g/day (p < 0.05). Results suggest that the daily oral supplementation of EcF from birth to weaning reduces the portion of piglets suffering from diarrhoea. This may improve performance, as the higher DWG indicates. In contrast, no obvious benefit seems to result from an additional supply of EcF via electrolyte solution when diarrhoea is always present.
A Zeyner; E Boldt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition     Volume:  90     ISSN:  0931-2439     ISO Abbreviation:  J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-20     Completed Date:  2006-05-18     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101126979     Medline TA:  J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  25-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Animal Nutrition, Nutritional Diseases and Dietetics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Oral
Animal Feed
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals, Newborn
Colony Count, Microbial / veterinary
Diarrhea / epidemiology,  microbiology,  veterinary*
Dietary Supplements
Double-Blind Method
Enterococcus faecium / growth & development*,  physiology
Probiotics / administration & dosage*
Severity of Illness Index
Swine / growth & development*
Swine Diseases / epidemiology*,  microbiology
Time Factors
Weight Gain

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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