Document Detail


Effects of presynchronization with gonadotropin-releasing hormone-prostaglandin F(2α) or progesterone before Ovsynch in noncyclic dairy cows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23021759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of presynchronization with GnRH and PGF(2α) or with progesterone on overall Ovsynch (OVS) outcomes in noncyclic dairy cows. Cows were scanned 7 d apart with ultrasonography to determine cyclicity. Noncyclic cows (n = 281; no corpus luteum on ovaries at both examinations) were randomly divided into 3 groups. In the GP group (n = 108), the cows received GnRH and PGF(2α) (PGF) administrations 7 d apart, and OVS was started 11 d after PGF (GnRH-7 d-PGF-11 d-OVS). In the P4 group (n = 90), the cows were treated for 7 d with an intravaginal progesterone (P4) implant (PRID), and then OVS was started 11 d after removal of the implant (7 d PRID-11 d-OVS). The control group (CON, n = 83) did not receive any presynchronization, and OVS was started at the same time as in the other groups (18 d-OVS). The percentage of cows that became cyclic at the beginning of OVS was lower in the CON group (38.6%; 32/83) than in the presynchronization groups (66.7%, 72/108 in GP; 71.1%, 64/90 in P4). The response to the first GnRH of OVS did not differ among groups (63.9%, 53/83 in CON; 67.6%, 73/108 in GP; 63.3%; 57/90 in P4), and synchronization rates were similar among the groups (74-82%). The cows that responded to presynchronization treatments (GP or P4) had higher pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) than did nonresponding cows. Pregnancy per AI at 31 d did not differ between groups (30.1%, 25/83 in CON; 43.5%, 47/108 in GP; and 35.6%, 32/90 in P4). However, CON cows (24.1%, 20/83) had lower P/AI at 62 d than GP cows (41.7%, 45/108). Embryonic loss was higher in CON (20%, 5/25) compared with the P4 group (3%, 1/32). The administration of GnRH followed by PGF or exogenous progesterone (PRID) similarly increased the percentage of cows that became cyclic before Ovsynch in noncyclic cows, but fertility did not improve. However, the cows that responded to presynchronization had higher fertility rates than the nonresponding cows.
Authors:
G Yilmazbas-Mecitoglu; E Karakaya; A Keskin; A Alkan; H Okut; A Gümen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Uludag, Bursa, 16059 Turkey.
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