Document Detail

Effects of pressure-demand respirator wear on physiological and perceptual variables during progressive exercise to maximal levels.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2929430     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Current regulations governing the certification of respiratory protective devices are based on data published in the early 1950s. The limited data base of this early work and documented increases in the average height of the population underscore the need for additional information concerning the parameters of certification. In the present study, a protocol using an inclined treadmill (0.5% grade every 12 sec) was used to test a heterogeneous population (n = 38). Through submaximal up to and including maximal exercise levels with and without respirator wear, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) was significantly greater (p less than 0.01) with the respirator (44.11 +/- 1.3 mL/kg.min) than without the respirator (42.18 +/- 1.4 mL/kg.min) while maximal ventilation volumes (VEmax) were not significantly different (with = 118.7 +/- 4 L/min; without 119.6 +/- 5 L/min). While peak inspired flows (PFI) with the respirator (268 +/- 7 L/min) were less than without the respirator (281 +/- 9 L/min), p greater than 0.05, the lower peak expired flow (PFE) with the respirator (289 +/- 12 L/min) than without the respirator (324 +/- 13 L/min), p less than 0.01, indicated a significant blunting effect of the respiratory flows by the expired resistance during exercise to maximal levels. Peak inspired pressures (PPi) with and without the respirator were not significantly different (p greater than 0.05). The negative values obtained within the facepiece of the respirator (-7.65 +/- 0.8 cmH2O), however, indicate that the positive pressure within the facepiece was lost, and respiratory protection may be compromised. Peak expired pressure with the respirator (13.05 +/- 0.7 cmH2O) was significantly greater than without the respirator (10.7 +/- 0.5 cmH2O) indicating that, despite a lower PFE, greater force was required to overcome the resistances of the respirator on expiration. The dyspnea index, an index of physiological effort; suggests that the subjects were working at a higher percentage of their respiratory reserve with the respirator (p less than 0.05) than without. Perceptually, subjects also felt that breathing with the respirator was more difficult (p less than 0.05). The maximum heart rate and the ratings of perceived exertion were not significantly different between the two tests at maximal exercise levels. Maximum oxygen uptake was considered reached when subjects attained a respiratory exchange ratio of at least 1.15, when a heart rate response at or greater than age-predicted maximum was achieved, when ratings of perceived exertion indicated exhaustion, and/or when the measure of VO2 had plateaued during the final minute of exercise.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
J R Wilson; P B Raven; W P Morgan; S A Zinkgraf; R G Garmon; A W Jackson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American Industrial Hygiene Association journal     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0002-8894     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Ind Hyg Assoc J     Publication Date:  1989 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-04-28     Completed Date:  1989-04-28     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0371160     Medline TA:  Am Ind Hyg Assoc J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  85-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physiology, Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine, Fort Worth 76107.
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MeSH Terms
Equipment Design
Exercise Test
Physical Exertion*
Protective Devices*
Reference Values
Respiratory Function Tests*
Respiratory Protective Devices*
Grant Support

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