Document Detail

Effects of preoperative aortic insufficiency on outcome after aortic valve-sparing surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19752356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The presence of significant preoperative aortic insufficiency (AI) or the need for cusp repair has been suggested as a risk factor for poorer outcomes after aortic valve (AV)-sparing surgery. We analyzed the influence of these factors on the mid-term outcomes of AV surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1996 and 2008, 164 consecutive patients underwent elective AV-sparing surgery. Severe preoperative AI (grade > or =3+) was present in 93 patients (57%), and 54 (33%) had a bicuspid valve. Root repair was performed with either the reimplantation (74%) or the remodeling (26%) technique, and cusp repair was performed in 90 patients (55%). Mean clinical follow-up was 57 months. Hospital mortality was 0.6%. Cusp repair was required in 52% of the patients with preoperative AI < or =2+ and in 57% of those with AI > or =3+ (P=0.6). Cusp repair was required more frequently in bicuspid versus tricuspid valves (91% versus 38%, P<0.001). Overall survival at 8 years was 88+/-8%. Freedom from AV reoperation at 8 years was similar with preoperative AI < or =2+ versus preoperative AI > or =3+ (89+/-11% versus 90+/-7%, P=0.7) and with versus without cusp repair (84+/-17% versus 92+/-8%, P=0.5). Freedom from recurrent AI (grade > or =3+) at 5 years was also similar between groups (90+/-10% versus 89+/-8%, P=0.9, and 90+/-8% versus 89+/-9%, P=0.8, respectively). By multivariate analyses, predictors of recurrent AI > or =2+ were preoperative left ventricle end-diastolic diameter and AI >1+ on discharge echocardiography. CONCLUSIONS: With a systematic approach to cusp assessment and repair, AV-sparing surgery for root pathology has an acceptable mid-term outcome, irrespective of preoperative AI or need for cusp repair.
Laurent de Kerchove; Munir Boodhwani; David Glineur; Alain Poncelet; Robert Verhelst; Parla Astarci; Valérie Lacroix; Jean Rubay; Michel Vandyck; Jean-Louis Vanoverschelde; Philippe Noirhomme; Gebrine El Khoury
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  120     ISSN:  1524-4539     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-15     Completed Date:  2009-10-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S120-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Université Catholique de Louvain, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Aortic Valve / surgery*
Aortic Valve Insufficiency / etiology,  surgery*
Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation
Middle Aged
Treatment Outcome

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