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Effects of prenatal exposure to dioxin-like compounds on allergies and infections during infancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21324443     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Dioxin-like compounds are endocrine disruptors. The effects of prenatal exposure to environmental levels of dioxins on immune function during infancy have not been clarified, although dioxins induce immunosuppression in offspring of animals. Moreover, human studies have not assessed the effects of gender- or congener-specific differences. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between dioxin levels in maternal blood and the risk of infection and allergies in infancy. We examined 364 mothers and their infants enrolled in a Hokkaido Study on Environment and Children's Health between 2002 and 2005 in Sapporo, Japan. Relevant information was collected from a baseline questionnaire during pregnancy, medical records at delivery, and a follow-up questionnaire when the child was 18 months of age that assessed development of allergies and infections in infancy. Dioxin-like compound levels in maternal blood were measured with high-resolution gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry. Relatively higher levels of polychlorinated dibenzofuran were associated with a significantly increased risk of otitis media, especially among male infants (odds ratio=2.5, 95% confidence interval=1.1-5.9). Relatively higher levels of 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran were also associated with a significantly increased risk of otitis media (odds ratio=5.3, 95% confidence interval=1.5-19). However, we observed a weak association between dioxin-like compound levels and allergic symptoms in infancy. At environmental levels, prenatal exposure to dioxin-like compounds may alter immune function and increase the risk of infections in infancy, especially among males. The compound 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran may be responsible for this.
Authors:
Chihiro Miyashita; Seiko Sasaki; Yasuaki Saijo; Noriaki Washino; Emiko Okada; Sumitaka Kobayashi; Kanae Konishi; Jumboku Kajiwara; Takashi Todaka; Reiko Kishi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-0953     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147621     Medline TA:  Environ Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, North 15 West 7 Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.
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