Document Detail

Effects of preculturing conditions on lag time and specific growth rate of Enterobacter sakazakii in reconstituted powdered infant formula.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16597976     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Enterobacter sakazakii can be present, although in low levels, in dry powdered infant formulae, and it has been linked to cases of meningitis in neonates, especially those born prematurely. In order to prevent illness, product contamination at manufacture and during preparation, as well as growth after reconstitution, must be minimized by appropriate control measures. In this publication, several determinants of the growth of E. sakazakii in reconstituted infant formula are reported. The following key growth parameters were determined: lag time, specific growth rate, and maximum population density. Cells were harvested at different phases of growth and spiked into powdered infant formula. After reconstitution in sterile water, E. sakazakii was able to grow at temperatures between 8 and 47 degrees C. The estimated optimal growth temperature was 39.4 degrees C, whereas the optimal specific growth rate was 2.31 h(-1). The effect of temperature on the specific growth rate was described with two secondary growth models. The resulting minimum and maximum temperatures estimated with the secondary Rosso equation were 3.6 degrees C and 47.6 degrees C, respectively. The estimated lag time varied from 83.3 +/- 18.7 h at 10 degrees C to 1.73 +/- 0.43 h at 37 degrees C and could be described with the hyperbolic model and reciprocal square root relation. Cells harvested at different phases of growth did not exhibit significant differences in either specific growth rate or lag time. Strains did not have different lag times, and lag times were short given that the cells had spent several (3 to 10) days in dry powdered infant formula. The growth rates and lag times at various temperatures obtained in this study may help in calculations of the period for which reconstituted infant formula can be stored at a specific temperature without detrimental impact on health.
M C Kandhai; M W Reij; C Grognou; M van Schothorst; L G M Gorris; M H Zwietering
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied and environmental microbiology     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0099-2240     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Environ. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-06     Completed Date:  2006-06-28     Revised Date:  2010-09-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605801     Medline TA:  Appl Environ Microbiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2721-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Wageningen University, Laboratory of Food Microbiology, P.O. Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Colony Count, Microbial
Culture Media
Enterobacter sakazakii / growth & development*
Food Contamination
Infant Food / microbiology*
Infant Formula*
Milk / microbiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Culture Media; 0/Powders

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